Testing your hard drives with SMART – Linux

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Testing your hard drives with SMART – Linux

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Introduction

SMART Testing on drives is a great way for checking their overall health however it should not be used exclusively to confirm if a disk is healthy or not.  This guide details some commands that can be ran to check the status of your drive using SMART.

You can also use smartmon tools to get information such as serial numbers for when you need to know exactly which physical drive you are replacing.

Installation

Use your Linux distribution’s package manager to install

e.g.:

yum install smartmontools

or

apt-get install smartmontools

Getting Serial Numbers of disks

Run these on a terminal.

smartctl -i /dev/name_of_drive

For example:

smartctl -i /dev/sda

You will want the serial of a drive if you were replacing and needed to know which physical drive it is, for example in a RAID setup. This will also show your the SMART status of the drive.

Running SMART tests

There are various SMART tests available to us, check how long the SMART tests will take with the following command (in this example for the hard disk /dev/sdc):

smartctl -c /dev/name_of_drive

Example output:

# smartctl -c /dev/sda

Short self-test routine 
recommended polling time: ( 2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time: ( 83) minutes.
Conveyance self-test routine
recommended polling time: ( 5) minutes.

Run the test in background mode:

smartctl -t short|long|conveyance /dev/name_of_drive

Example of a short test

smartctl -t short /dev/sda

You can view the SMART status as follows:

smartctl -a /dev/sda

Or the following command can also be used, if only the test results should are displayed

smartctl -l selftest /dev/sdc
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